RED BELT

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Red Belt to Black Stripe

Patterns:

Any Junior Pattern
Hwa-Rang

Self-Defense:

Pinned against the wall by a one hand choke from the front
Pinned against the wall from rear
One attacker securing each wrist
One attacker holding from rear, while one menaces from the front
Knife technique

Sparring: (audio)

Prearranged free for 30 seconds
2 on 1 free sparring

Breaking: (audio)

Black board side kick
1 board spinning hook kick
1 board jumping technique hand / foot
(Board must break before your feet hit the ground)
4 boards/ 4 directional hand & foot technique, using different techniques from above

Theory:

Definition of Hwa-Rang (audio)
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division where Taekwon-do developed into maturity.

Common terms in Korean (audio)
Basabum: Assistant Instructor(I-III)
Sabum: Instructor (IV-VI)
Sahyum: Master (VII-VIII)
Saseong: Grand Master (IX)
Jeja: Student
Gup: Colour Belt Grade
Dan: Black Belt Grade
Charyot: Attention
Kyong Ye: Bow
Hae San: Dismiss
Junbi: Ready
Si Jak: Begin
Guman: Stop
Paro: Return
Swiyo: Relax
Sogi: Stance
Matsogi: Sparring
Narani: Parallel
Annun: Sitting
Gunnan: Walking
Niunja: L-stance
Moa: Closed

Meaning of red belt
Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and the opponent to stay away.

Black Stripe to Black Belt

Patterns:

Two color belt patterns – examiners choice
Hwa-Rang
Choong-Moo

Self-Defense:

8 self defense techniques – examiners choice
1 – 2 minute demonstration

Sparring:

Any type

Breaking:

3 board side kick (2 women)
8 board, 4 directional kick (4 board women)
2 board hand technique ( 1 women)
1 board jumping foot technique
1 board flying foot technique
2 board back kick
1 board jumping hand technique

Theory:
List and explain the theory of power (audio)

Reaction Force:  For every action (force) there is an equal and opposite reaction (Newton’s third law). Another reaction force is your own. A punch with the right fist is aided by pulling back the left fist to the hip

Concentration: The smaller the focal point of youer weapon the more force there will be on a given target.

Equilibrium: To have maximum power you must maintain your balance. Without balance, your power can easily be diverted. The center of balance must be on a staight line midway between the legs.

Breath Control: Controlled breathing is important for a number of reasons. It protects the body against attack and creates more power in your technique by tightening your muscles. Breath can be turned into a yell to bolster your courage and startle your apponent. It can also improve your stamina and speed.

Mass: Use sine wave and hip jerk to increase power. (the moer mass you have the more power you should be able to generate).

Speed: Speed is the most essential factor to create power.
History of Taekwon-do

 

History of Taekwon-do (audio)
See manual page 1 

Terminology of Taekwon-do (audio)
See Red Belt to Black Stripe

All pattern definitions
See Color belt trstings

Count to 10 in Korean (audio)
1. Hana         6. Yosot
2. Dool          7. Ligop
3. Set              8. Yodul
4. Net             9. Ahop
5. Dosot      10. Yul